Not all countries declare their gold purchases regularly, including major ones, such as China and Russia, according to Bloomberg. Turkey's central bank remained the biggest buyer of gold recorded this year. It added 31 tons in the third quarter, bringing its gold reserves to 489 tons (29% of total reserves). Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions achieve financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper columns, radio programs and premium investment services.
You are reading a free article with opinions that may differ from The Motley Fool's premium investment services. Become a member of Motley Fool today to get instant access to recommendations from our top analysts, extensive research, investment resources and more. Learn more There are many reasons why people buy gold. Some invest in the precious metal to protect themselves against inflation, although one of the most common myths about investing in gold is that it can overcome inflation.
Others buy it because of a cultural tradition or because they think gold is a safe investment. Meanwhile, some buy it with the speculation that its price will continue to rise. No matter the reason, the main idea behind this purchase is that gold is valuable and will be even more so in the future due to the many factors that influence the price of gold. We'll explore the many motivations behind investing in gold by looking at some of the world's largest gold investors.
To further illustrate how rare and valuable gold is, U.S. UU. The Geological Survey estimates that there are still about 57,000 tons left in the ground to extract. Dig it up and melt it, and the additional bucket of gold available would only be about the height of an adult giraffe.
Although there is little industrial demand for this gold, most of it goes to jewelry and investments in the form of coins and ingots, and the latter are usually in the hands of gold ETFs and the official sector, such as governments. It contains about 5% of the world's gold. These reserves are greater than those of the next three countries with the largest gold reserves (Germany, Italy and France) combined. It has the largest cache of gold controlled by the government, the largest non-governmental holder of gold is the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which is a group of 189 countries that work together to promote monetary cooperation.
The IMF currently holds 2,184 ounces of gold, placing it between Germany and Italy on a global scale. The IMF has acquired its gold reserves in several ways. After its founding in 1944, the IMF received 25% of its initial quota replacements in the form of gold and required members to pay a quarter of all subsequent increases in gold quotas. In addition to that, member countries can pay interest and credits owed to the IMF in gold, as well as sell their gold to the organization to purchase another member's currency.
While Indians usually buy gold in the form of jewelry and Germans in coins and ingots, more and more investors have chosen to invest the precious metal through an ETF, the largest of which is the SPDR Gold Trust (GLD -0.79%). Data on the price of gold in US dollars from YCharts So, while you may not be the biggest investor in the gold market, it seems to be the best option that long-term investors can consider. The other group of gold buyers wants to take advantage of its price movement. This type includes hedge funds, such as Paulson's, which usually buy ETFs such as the SPDR Gold Trust, since they can quickly get in and out of that vehicle.
That ease of use is why it was once the most valuable ETF in the world, as speculators flocked to the bottom as the price of gold rose in the hope of capitalizing on that momentum. Now, it's not even in the top 10 because gold's brilliance has diminished as its price has fallen from its peak. The decision to buy gold is often deeply personal. Many do so because they believe that it will hold its value better than that of a government-backed currency in the coming years due to inflationary fears or other concerns.
Others will invest in gold because they believe it is a sign of wealth. Then there are those who want to speculate that the price of the precious metal will rise due to any number of catalysts. Since people invest in gold for different reasons, it's first important to know why you want to buy it. If buying gold will help you sleep more soundly at night or fulfill a deep cultural or personal desire, then, of course, don't hesitate to buy it.
In the meantime, if you see catalysts on the horizon that should push your price up, then a gold ETF is worth considering. However, if you're looking for an investment that will grow your wealth over the long term, gold probably isn't the best option. Matthew DiLallo has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has no position in any of the stocks mentioned.
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Making the World Smarter, Happier and Richer. India's official gold reserves are the ninth largest in the world, according to Goldhub, the official website of the World Gold Council that maintains all the data on precious metals (see table). While Indians collectively own the most gold in the world, German investors have become the biggest buyers of gold in recent years. .